Other Reports & Documents
The seventh edition of Health at a Glance provides the latest comparable data on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in the costs, activities and results of health systems. Key indicators provide information on health status, the determinants of health, health care activities and health expenditure and financing in OECD countries. Each indicator in the book is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.
Noncommunicable diseases continue to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the European Region. Member States have made significant progress in implementation of prevention and control activities in keeping with the mandates set forth by the Health 2020 and the "Action Plan for Implementation of the European Strategy for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2012-2016". This report aims to demonstrate achievements made in the various proposed action areas, reporting the activities already undertaken and future plans, through presentation of data for the region derived from WHO’s NCD Country Capacity Survey 2013. While the report reveals gaps and challenges faced in the achievement of desired objectives, it also highlights examples of innovation in contextualization of interventions within various countries in the region. These, in addition to the impressive progress documented herein, are intended to challenge Member States to scale up efforts to eliminate the needless loss of life and productivity caused by NCDs within the region.
Urban transport has a marked effect on quality of life for the three quarters of Europeans living in cities. Road transport is a major source of air pollution in cities, leading to a high proportion of the population being exposed to pollutant levels above EU and World Health Organisation standards. The seriousness of this was underlined in October when the UN classified outdoor air pollution as carcinogenic. Traffic noise is also a major health issue in many cities. More than a quarter of the inhabitants of Sofia, Luxembourg, Paris and Tallinn are exposed to night-time traffic noise above WHO limits, according to data on 17 European capitals published in the report. Quality of life is also affected by commute times, with commuters in London and Budapest are most likely to travel more than an hour to work, according to a survey of 75 cities in the EU and Turkey. Click here to access the report: http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/term-2013
The European Commission published a report on how the EU works to protect and improve the health of all Europeans throughout their lives.
Through this international report on the results of its most recent survey, the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study supplies the up-to-date information needed by policy-makers at various levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, and professionals in sectors such as health, education, social services, justice and recreation. To access the report, click here http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/163857/Social-determinants-of-health-and-well-being-among-young-people.pdf
ECDC’s final report on the implementation of the European Commission Communication and Action Plan to address HIV in the European Union and neighbouring countries concludes that these measures have had an important impact on HIV prevention. But additional efforts are required to further reduce HIV transmission in Europe. The policy priorities of the European Commission (EC) regarding HIV in Europe are contained in the Communication Combating HIV/AIDS in the European Union and neighbouring countries, 2009–2013. The main objectives are: • to reduce new HIV infections across all European countries by 2013; • to improve access to prevention, treatment, care and support; and • to improve the quality of life of people living with, affected by, or most vulnerable to HIV/AIDS in the European Union and neighbouring countries.
Improving health and well-being lies behind the new health policy framework for Europe, Health 2020, adopted by the WHO Regional Committee for Europe in 2012. Health 2020 is a value- and evidence-based framework that allows a strategic approach to be taken towards this goal. Health 2020 presents a wealth of new evidence, for example on the social determinants of health and on the economics of public health and prevention. It puts strong emphasis on the political, professional and civil society engagement needed to ensure health improvement and the reduction of health inequities, within a whole-of-society and whole-of-government approach.
WHO/Europe launched a policy summary and full report on promoting physical activity in socially disadvantaged groups. Scientific evidence shows that physical inactivity is a leading risk factor for ill health, and that these groups tend to have low levels of activity. Although the unequal distribution of physical-activity levels in populations is a major concern, awareness is growing that promotional campaigns may not be able to reach out equally well to all population groups.
In view of the dramatic rise in the levels of overweight and obesity and the worsening trend of poor diets and low physical activity levels across large parts of Europe, the EU began to significantly ramp up its action in this area approximately ten years ago. In 2007, the publication of the Strategy for Europe on Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity related health issues provided an integrated framework for action intended to contribute to reducing ill health due to poor nutrition, overweight and obesity in the EU. Emphasising the Commission’s conviction that “an optimal response in this field will be achieved by promoting both the complementarity and integration of different relevant policy areas, and of the different levels of action [i.e. local, regional, national, European and international]. The Strategy advocates a partnership approach, and encourages action by four main groups of actors: the EU itself, Member States, private actors, and international cooperation with the WHO. The aim of the published evaluation was to assess both the implementation process (i.e. if, how and how far relevant initiatives have been developed by the European Commission and other relevant actors) and its impact (i.e. to what extent the relevant initiatives and the Strategy as a whole have produced results in line with their respective objectives).
As societies grow more complex and people are increasingly bombarded with health information and misinformation, health literacy becomes essential. People with strong health literacy skills enjoy better health and well-being, while those with weaker skills tend to engage in riskier behaviour and have poorer health. With evidence from the recent European Health Literacy Survey, this report identifies practical and effective ways public health and other sector authorities and advocates can strengthen health literacy in a variety of settings, including educational settings, workplaces, marketplaces, health systems, new and traditional media and political arenas. The report can be used as a tool for spreading awareness, stimulating debate and research and, above all, for informing policy development and action.
This publication provides information on the marketing of foods and beverages to children and the changes that have occurred in the last decade. It examines the evolution of marketing methods in parallel with changes in media platforms, such as digital television, online marketing, mobiles and smartphones, and social networking. It reviews some of the recent policy approaches by WHO European Member States to control such marketing to children, and provides a summary of recent scientific evidence linking advertising and marketing to children’s dietary behaviour.
Health in All Policies (HiAP) is an approach to policies that systematically takes into account the health and health-system implications of decisions, seeks synergies, and avoids harmful health impacts to improve population health and health equity. It is founded on health-related rights and obligations and has great potential to improve population health and equity.
The Global nutrition policy review is based on a questionnaire survey conducted during 2009–2010, in which 119 WHO Member States and 4 territories participated. The Review analysed the information on whether the countries have nutrition policies and programmes and if so, what topics the policies cover, how they are being implemented, what the implementation coverage is, who the stakeholders are, what coordination mechanism exists, and how the monitoring and evaluation are being implemented. The results are presented in this report according to the regions of the World Health Organization (WHO). The analyses presented in this report are also complemented by the results of the in-depth country assessments conducted as part of the project on Landscape Analysis on Countries’ Readiness to Accelerate Action in Nutrition which was initiated by WHO in 2008 in close collaboration with partner agencies. Selected case studies illustrate the reasons for successes and the gaps in the implementation of policies and programmes in some countries.
WHO Europe published this report that resents answers to 22 questions relevant for the review of European policies on air pollution and addressing health aspects of these policies. The answers were developed by a large group of scientists engaged in the WHO project “Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution – REVIHAAP”.
The WHO Regional Office for Europe convened a joint meeting of experts on targets and indicators for health and well-being in Health 2020 to advise on the measurement framework and indicators for the targets already set for Health 2020 (including the one on well-being), and to determine the support needed by countries in the use of such a framework and for further development. The participants reviewed the definition of well-being agreed in the context of Health 2020, examined research data and existing guidelines on tools and indicators for measuring well-being and proposed overall satisfaction with life as the core indicator of subjective well-being. They also reviewed the existing proposals for indicators for Health 2020, agreeing overall general principles for indicators. Finally, they recommended quantified targets (where appropriate) and a shortlist of indicators for consultation with Member States and the WHO Regional Committee for Europe.
This report brings together a series of policy briefs and is aimed at policy-makers and others interested to improve health equity by acting within the health system and on broader governmental policy. The report provides an update and overview of the vast amount of evidence produced during the Commission on Social Determinants of Health and identifies policy options to implement the main recommendations of the Commission. It draws from the extensive work of the nine global knowledge networks set up by WHO to generate evidence for the Commission. It first considers the essential role of the health sector in reducing inequities in five areas (working towards universal coverage; public health programmes; measuring inequities in health; facilitating mobilization of people and groups; intersectoral action). Second, it discusses how the health sector can work with other sectors that are also vital to this task in seven additional areas (early child development; urban settings; globalization The report ends by outlining one way to put together a national action plan addressing these issues, in light of the different starting points and priorities found in each country.
The Commission committed in May 2007 to a 6 year Strategy for Europe on nutrition, overweight and obesity related health issues. This strategy had as its main purpose to contribute to the reduction of the risks associated with poor nutrition and limited physical activity in the European Union. The Strategy called for action in six priority areas amongst which are the areas of making the healthy option available and making children and low socio economic groups a priority. The pilot project is part of this strategy. The Commission requested that the pilot project should have a wide target group including children, the elderly, and pregnant women with low income. Particular attention was to be given to the analysis of the results of the campaigns carried out as part of the pilot project, and dissemination of these results to the Commission, the national authorities and the relevant sectors.
The 2012 European health report describes both the overall improvements in health in the WHO European Region and their uneven distribution within and between countries. It breaks new ground, however, by helping both to define well-being, a goal of Europe’s new health policy, Health 2020, and to map the way towards achieving it. To access the Full report and/or its summary, click here: http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/data-and-evidence/european-health-report-2012 To access EuroHealthNet position on the report, click here: http://eurohealthnet.eu/organisation/eurohealthnet-welcomes-focus-longer-live
In its edition of Health at a Glance, Europe presents a set of key indicators of health and health systems in 35 European countries, including the 27 EU Member States, 5 candidate countries and 3 EFTA countries. The report reveals that – for the first time in decades - health spending per person and as a percentage of GDP fell across the European Union in 2010. From an annual average growth rate of 4.6% between 2000 and 2009, health spending per person fell to -0.6% in 2010. This is the first time that health spending has fallen in Europe since 1975.
WHO published these guidelines providing recommendations on the diagnosis and management of type 2 diabetes and the management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in primary health care in low-resource settings. The target users are health care professionals responsible for developing the protocols which will be used by health care staff in primary care units in low-resource settings.
This is the second edition of the booklet initially prepared in occasion of the Health Programmes Conference held in May 2012. We have completed the compilation of most successful projects, co-funded by the Health Programmes, which are now 33 projects covering a wide range of issues such as nutrition and healthy lifestyles, health inequalities, youth health, cancer, health threats and health information.
The OECD published the Obesity update 2012. The document provides an overview of the latest overweight and obesity-related figures as well as implemented measures aiming at countering the epidemic. The following trends were emphasised in the Report: - Projections suggest that by 2020, more than 2 out of 3 people will be overweight or obese in several OECD countries; - In financial terms aspects, obesity is estimated to be responsible for 1% to 3% of the total health expenditure of most OECD countries - obesity is also associated to a large burden from chronic diseases. - An obese person incurs 25% higher health expenditures than a person of a normal weight in any given year, - While there is no sign of retrenchment of the epidemic in any countries part of the study, some of them have seen a stabilisation of their rates over the past few years: Italy, Hungary, England, Korea, etc., - High rates of childhood obesity remained stable in four countries: France, England, Korea and the US, - Tthere is a strong social gradient in obesity rates with women with little education being two to three times more likely to be overweight than more educated women, - Social disparities remain in children and in the job market which reflects failure of governments to protect the most vulnerable.
The greatest burden of disease, at both the global and the European levels, is attributable to noncommunicable diseases. Health-promotion and disease-prevention activities aimed at reducing this burden need to involve non-health sectors and actors. This publication provides an overview of the existing tools for implementing such intersectoral action and highlights the developments in the fields of tobacco and nutrition in south-eastern Europe. Using the concept of “best buys” – cost-effective action that accelerates results in terms of saving lives, preventing disease and avoiding heavy costs – it contains recommendations on key action to strengthen intersectoral collaboration in the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases in the future, and guidance specifically for the South-eastern Europe Health Network and Slovenia on designing and implementing joint action to this end. The proposals for action are organized in such a way as to create windows of opportunity for promoting health in all policies.
EU funded FP7 project FAHRE – Food and Health Research in Europe publishes its proposals for strengthening food and health research in Europe. Individual countries reports mapping food and health research in 32 European countries are available at the following address: http://www.spi.pt/fahre/ The synthesis report is available at the following address http://www2.spi.pt/fahre/reports/FAHRE_Mapping_Synthesis.pdf
Can we build on existing information systems to monitor health inequities and the social determinants of health in the EU? - January 2010
Focusing on Obesity Through a Health Equity Lens - Innovative approaches and promising practices by health promotion bodies in Europe to counteract obesity and improve health equity - March 2010
SIG on Health Ageing: "Healthy Ageing in Europe - lessons learnt and ways forward'
Promoting mental health and preventing mental illness: the economic case for investment in Wales - October 2009
Update on the work of the Special Interest Group on Healthy Ageing
SIG on Healthy Ageing: Healthy Ageing: A Challenge for Europe
03 December 2013Press Release - New Report: “Health Equity and Regional Development in the EU - Applying EU Structural Funds to Address Health Inequalities”
25 November 2013News - WHO European Ministerial Conference on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Context of Health 2020
27 November 2013 - 29 November 2013
13 November 2013 - 16 November 2013
04 September 2013 - 22 September 2013